Tuesday, December 1, 2009

FUSE - Filesystem in Userspace part 3 (final)

Finally, as I promised, the last blog post on implementing file systems using FUSE.

I've created a file system, shoutcastfs, which enables you to mount the Shoutcast Radio directory as a file system. The genres are represented as directories and stations as files. Each file contains the station's playlist and the files are suffixed with .pls which makes it possible to load the playlist in a media player such as Amarok by double-clicking the file.

Of course, I'm using pyshoutcast (Python shoutcast API) to access the shoutcast service.

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import errno
import fuse
import stat
import os
import shoutcast

fuse.fuse_python_api = (0, 2)

_shoutcastApi = shoutcast.ShoutCast()

class RootInfo(fuse.Stat):
    def __init__(self):
        self.st_mode = stat.S_IFDIR | 0755
        self.st_nlink = 2
        self._genres = {}

    def genres(self):
        if not self._genres:
            for g in _shoutcastApi.genres():
                self._genres[g] = GenreInfo(g)
        return self._genres

class GenreInfo(fuse.Stat):
    def __init__(self, name):
        self.st_mode = stat.S_IFDIR | 0755
        self.st_nlink = 2
        self.name = name
        self._stations = {}

    def stations(self):
        if not self._stations:
            for s in _shoutcastApi.stations(self.name):
                name = '{0}.pls'.format(s[0])
                name = name.replace('/', '|')
                self._stations[name] = StationInfo(name, s[1])
        return self._stations

class StationInfo(fuse.Stat):
    def __init__(self, name, station_id):
        self.st_mode = stat.S_IFREG | 0644
        self.st_nlink = 1
        # Hope no playlist exceeds this size
        self.st_size = 4096
        self.name = name
        self.station_id = station_id
        self._content = None

    def content(self):
        if self._content is None:
            self._content = _shoutcastApi.tune_in(self.station_id).read()
        return self._content

class ShoutcastFS(fuse.Fuse):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kw):
        fuse.Fuse.__init__(self, *args, **kw)
        self.root = RootInfo()

    def split_path(self, path):
        """ Returns genre and station """
        if path == '/':
            return (None, None)

        parts = path.split('/')[1:]
        if len(parts) == 1:
            return (parts[0], None)
            return parts

    def getattr(self, path):
        genre, station = self.split_path(path)

        if genre is None:
            stat = self.root
            stat = self.root.genres.get(genre)
            if not stat:
                return -errno.ENOENT

            if station:
                stat = stat.stations.get(station)
                if not stat:
                    return -errno.ENOENT
        return stat

    def readdir(self, path, offset):
        yield fuse.Direntry('.')
        yield fuse.Direntry('..')

        if path == '/':
            entries = self.root.genres.keys()
            entries = self.root.genres[path[1:]].stations.keys()

        for e in entries:
            yield fuse.Direntry(e)

    def open(self, path, flags):
        # Only support for 'READ ONLY' flag
        access_flags = os.O_RDONLY | os.O_WRONLY | os.O_RDWR
        if flags & access_flags != os.O_RDONLY:
            return -errno.EACCES
            return 0

    def read(self, path, size, offset):
        genre, station = self.split_path(path)
        info = self.root.genres[genre].stations[station]
        if offset < info.st_size:
            if offset + size > info.st_size:
                size = info.st_size - offset
            return info.content[offset:offset+size]
            return ''

if __name__ == '__main__':
    fs = ShoutcastFS()
    fs.multithreaded = False

To try the file system, run:
$ # Download shoutcast.py
$ wget http://github.com/mariob/pyshoutcast/raw/master/src/shoutcast.py
$ mkdir mnt
$ ./shoutcastfs mnt
$ cd mnt/
$ ls
...A list of genres...
$ cd Samba
$ ls
...A list of 'Samba' stations...
$ cat [station name]
...Playlist data...
Have fun!

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